Cakewalk // Documentation // SONAR X2 // Manually entering MIDI notes
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Using this method, you can manually draw notes on a grid called the Piano Roll view (often referred to as the PRV). This is the preferred method if you're not much of a keyboard player or don't have access to a MIDI controller. It allows you to edit every detail of a performance.
To get to the PRV, you first need to select the track you would like to see in it. Simply click the track icon once so that it changes color. Next, go to Views > Piano Roll View to open the PRV. The PRV opens in the MultiDock below the Track view. To expand the MultiDock, double-click the PRV tab in the MultiDock, or press SHIFT+D.
Click on the Smart tool in the Control Bar. You can also enable this tool by pressing the F5 key on your computer keyboard. To draw a note with the Smart tool, click on the grid.
Left edge. Adjusts the start time.
Right edge. Adjusts the end time or the duration.
Top. Adjusts the velocity of the note, which indicates how hard the note is played.
Bottom. Allows you to move the note to another location on the PRV grid.
Try to create a melody using this technique. You might find that you can only create 16th notes or longer. If you want 32nd notes or triplets, specify the desired Musical Time resolution in the Control Bar’s Snap module.The Snap module contains the following settings.
Figure 21. The Snap module.
Figure 22. The Tools module.
On the File menu, click Open.
Navigate to C:/Cakewalk Content/SONAR X2/Tutorial Projects.
Click on the file named Latin.cwp and click OK.
If you press Play, you are not likely to hear anything. That's because this project does not contain a software synth for the MIDI tracks to play through. Since there are 11 tracks in this project, it would be best to use one synth track and route them all to the same instrument. Some instruments, such as the Cakewalk TTS-1 can output more than one type of sound. These instruments are known as multi-timbral synths. They know what notes are played through each sound based on the MIDI channel they are sent over. If you examine each track in this project in the Track Inspector or Console view, you'll notice that each one is set to its own channel. No two tracks share the same channel.
Go to Insert > Soft Synths > Cakewalk TTS-1.
The Insert Synth Options dialog box appears.
In the Create These Tracks area, click First Synth Audio Output.
In the Open These Windows area, click Synth Property Page.
On some computers, the tracks may play back through the TTS-1 at this point. However, on computers that have hardware MIDI outputs available, you may need to specify the TTS-1 as each track's output. Here's a fast way to do that:
Press Play to play back the project. If you'd like to add your own track to play through the TTS-1, click Insert menu and select MIDI Track. On your new MIDI track, set the output to Cakewalk TTS-1. Remember, it needs to be on its own discreet MIDI channel. In this project, MIDI channels 1-11 are already used, so let's assign this track to channel 12 in the Track Inspector or Console view. You can also select the sound via the track's Patch control. Then use one of the methods described above to create MIDI data. You can also add MIDI data to your new track from the Browser. See Tutorial 2 for details about the Browser. Another option is using the Staff view as an alternative to the Piano Roll view. That will be covered in the next tutorial: Tutorial 5 - Working with music notation.

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